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Monday, May 18, 2020 | History

4 edition of Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large found in the catalog.

Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large

Richard Donald Rogerson

Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large

by Richard Donald Rogerson

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  • 36 Currently reading

Published by National Bureau of Economic Research in Cambridge, MA .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementRichard Rogerson, Lodewijk P. Visschers, Randall Wright.
SeriesNBER working paper series -- working paper 13872, Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research : Online) -- working paper no. 13872.
ContributionsVisschers, Lodewijk P., Wright, Randall, 1956-, National Bureau of Economic Research.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHB1
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL17000350M
LC Control Number2008612421

  Abstract. This article develops a model of unemployment fluctuations. The model keeps the architecture of the general-disequilibrium model of Barro and Grossman () but takes a matching approach to the labor and product markets instead of a disequilibrium approach. On the product and labor markets, both price and tightness adjust to equalize supply and by: Area labor market response to national unemployment patterns ROBERT W. BEDNARZIK AND RICHARD B. TILLER Unemployment varies widely among geographical areas in the United States. In , the rate of joblessness ranged from a high of percent in the North Central region of the country to a low of percent in the South.

In the past two decades, China’s economic growth has been increasingly dependent on investment.1 To maintain the growth of investment, China must sustain a fairly high rate of profit, and the fall in labor’s share has been seen as a crucial factor to sustain profitability.2 Using a raw measure of labor’s share—the compensation of employees as a percent of GDP—as shown by the bottom Author: Hao Qi. During –, it was acquisitions, rather than organic growth, that drove homebuilder expansion. Consequently, large homebuilders spread out across multiple metropolitan areas with various market conditions (e.g., housing styles, customer preferences, and labor arrangements), using distinct operational practices.

This paper finds that compared with the United States, output fluctuations in Latin America have a small effect on employment and unemployment, but a large effect on real wages. The most important determinants of the flexibility indicators are labor market reforms. Clearly, a rising demand for labor has been the dominant trend in the market for U.S. labor through most of the nation’s history. Wages and employment have generally risen as the availability of capital and other factors of production have increased, as technology has advanced, and as human capital has increased.


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Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large by Richard Donald Rogerson Download PDF EPUB FB2

Labor Market Fluctuations in the Small and in the Large Richard Rogerson, Lodewijk P. Visschers, Randall Wright. NBER Working Paper No. Issued in March NBER Program(s):Economic Fluctuations and Growth Program Shimer's calibrated version of the Mortensen-Pissarides model generates unemployment fluctuates much smaller than the data.

Richard Rogerson & Lodewijk P. Visschers & Randall Wright, "Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol.

5(1), pagesMarch. Get this from a library. Labor market fluctuations in the small and in the large. [Richard Donald Rogerson; Lodewijk P Visschers; Randall Wright; National Bureau of Economic Research.] -- Shimer's calibrated version of the Mortensen-Pissarides model generates unemployment fluctuates much smaller than the data.

Hagedorn and Manovskii present an alternative calibration that yields. Labor Market Fluctuations in the Small and in the Large Richard Rogerson, Lodewijk P. Visschers, and Randall Wright NBER Working Paper No. March JEL No. E2,E3,J2,J6 ABSTRACT Shimer's calibrated version of the Mortensen-Pissarides model generates unemployment fluctuates much.

There is a consensus that a spatial labor market is based on distance which creates local and regional markets and leads to geographical subdivisions of a nonspatial labor market.

To this extent the definition is clear. But it is still not clear how large a spatial labor market is. Countries with very flexible institutions and labor market polices, like the U.S., experienced substantial increases in unemployment over the course of the Great Recession, while countries with relatively rigid institutions and strict labor market policies, such as France, fared by: 7.

Labour Market: A labour market is the place where workers and employees interact with each other. In the labour market, employers compete to hire the best, and the workers compete for the best satisfying job.

Description: A labour market in an economy functions with demand and supply of labour. In this market, labour demand is the firm's. labor market behavior of firms and work-ers in small towns which guided the research design are as follows: 1. A dominant firm in a small-popula-tion labor market area7 has a large meas-ure of freedom in policies related to the local labor market, because the area labor supply tends to adjust to employment level changes through movement into.

A model of matching friction explains the qualitative responses of the labor market to adverse shocks, but requires implausibly large shocks to account for the magnitude of observed fluctuations. The challenge to these theories is to identify mechanisms in the labor market that amplify small changes in driving forces into fluctuations in the job-finding rate of the high magnitude actually.

In addition to capturing these individual data, the model provides an explanation for aggregate labor market patterns. Poor match quality among first jobs implies large fluctuations in unemployment due to a responsive job destruction margin. Labor Market Rigidity, Unemployment, and the Great Recession By Tasci, Murat; Zenker, Mary Economic Commentary (Cleveland), No.J Read preview Overview From Working Girl to Working Mother: The Female Labor Force in the United States, By Lynn Y.

Weiner University of North Carolina,   Contact. American Enterprise Institute Massachusetts Avenue, NW Washington, DC Main telephone: Main fax: Most labor economics textbooks pay little attention to actual labor markets, taking as reference a perfectly competitive market in which losing a job is not a big deal.

The Economics of Imperfect Labor Markets is the only textbook to focus on imperfect labor markets and to provide a systematic framework for analyzing how labor market Cited by: Labor Markets and Business Cycles integrates search and matching theory with the neoclassical growth model to better understand labor market outcomes.

Robert Shimer shows analytically and quantitatively that rigid wages are important for explaining the volatile Cited by: However, comparing rows 1 and 3 for older workers, the volatility increase is small.

This suggests that the life-cycle profile of human capital that is necessary to reproduce the observed life-cycle wage is not large enough to dampen the horizon effect in a sizable way. The impact of λ i the age-specific probability of match-productivity by: 1.

Labor Market: The labor market refers to the supply and demand for labor, in which employees provide the supply and employers the demand. Downloadable. This paper shows that labor markets of emerging economies are characterized by large fluctuations in wages while employment fluctuations are subdued.

We find that a real business cycle model of a small open economy that embeds a Mortensen-Pissarides type of search-matching frictions can account for these aforementioned regularities.

The first is a shortage of qualified labor. In its January Beige Book, the Federal Reserve reported that the labor market tightness continues in the district covering Texas, and stated that most districts nationwide reported continued challenges finding workers across a range of skills and sectors and it was beginning to constrain growth.

4 How the Labor Market, Family Structure, and Government Programs Affect Child Poverty. In response to the second element of the committee’s statement of task and to provide guidance for the committee’s deliberations on new initiatives that can reduce child poverty, in this chapter, we discuss how demographic factors, the labor market and economy, and major government assistance programs.

Reference Dependence and Labor-Market Fluctuations large body of research on experimental labor markets that corroborates this view. it predicts is too large and the unemployment volatility it predicts is too small.

A fast-growing literature ensued. One research direction, suggested by. America’s ten largest metro areas combine for 34 percent of total GDP, and some 80 percent of the nation’s 5, fastest-growing businesses are located in large urban areas.Measuring Labor Market Conditions. The goal of these indexes is to distill the information from a large set of observed labor market variables using a statistical model.

Once the final index is calculated, the levels are interpreted as relative labor market conditions.